4月 212007
 

“Even if you are not a genius, you can use the same strategies as Aristotle and Einstein to harness the power of your creative mind and better manage your future.”
“即使你不是天才,也可以像亚里士多德和爱因斯坦一样具有创造力并且规划你的未来。”

The following eight strategies encourage you to think productively, rather than reproductively, in order to arrive at solutions to problems. “These strategies are common to the thinking styles of creative geniuses in science, art, and industry throughout history.”
以下的八个策略会让你更有效得去思考,而不是仅仅为了解决问题而机械得重复。“这些策略,对于历史上的那些在科学,艺术以及工业方面的天才来说是司空见惯的思考方式。”

1. Look at problems in many different ways, and find new perspectives that no one else has taken (or no one else has publicized!)
1. 从不同角度看待问题,然后找到一个别人从未试过的新的角度(或者未有人公开过的角度)。

Leonardo da Vinci believed that, to gain knowledge about the form of a problem, you begin by learning how to restructure it in many different ways. He felt that the first way he looked at a problem was too biased. Often, the problem itself is reconstructed and becomes a new one.
来昂纳多·达芬奇相信,为了了解问题,你应该以学习如何用不同的方法重构它作为开始。他认为他对问题的第一反应是片面的。往往,问题它自己被重构了而转变为一个新的问题。

2. Visualize!
2. 形象化!

When Einstein thought through a problem, he always found it necessary to formulate his subject in as many different ways as possible, including using diagrams. He visualized solutions, and believed that words and numbers as such did not play a significant role in his thinking process.
当爱因斯坦思考问题时,他常常认为,把问题尽可能多的划分为不同的方面是必要的,包括运用图表。他去把问题形象化,并且相信文字和数字在他的思考中并不是那些主要角色。

3. Produce! A distinguishing characteristic of genius is productivity.
3. 创造性!一个天才的典型特征是高效。

Thomas Edison held 1,093 patents. He guaranteed productivity by giving himself and his assistants idea quotas. In a study of 2,036 scientists throughout history, Dean Keith Simonton of the University of California at Davis found that the most respected scientists produced not only great works, but also many “bad” ones. They weren’t afraid to fail, or to produce mediocre in order to arrive at excellence.
托马斯·爱迪生拥有1093项专利。他分配给他和他的助手们思路配额来保证创造性(不知道啥意思)。在一项关于历史上2036位科学家的调查中。加州大学Davis分校D.Keith Simonton发现大多数受人尊敬的科学家不只是伟大的产品,还有不少“失败”的。他们并不害怕失败,或者说平庸是卓越的必经之路。

4. Make novel combinations. Combine, and recombine, ideas, images, and thoughts into different combinations no matter how incongruent or unusual.
4. 尝试新的组合。用不同的方式去组合和重组思想,图象,无论它有多失调或者奇怪。

The laws of heredity on which the modern science of genetics is based came from the Austrian monk Grego Mendel, who combined mathematics and biology to create a new science.
现代科学意义上遗传学规律是基于奥地利僧侣Grego Mendel的研究,他把数学和生物学结合到一起创作了一门新的学科。

5. Form relationships; make connections between dissimilar subjects.
5. 通过关联;联系不同学科。

Da Vinci forced a relationship between the sound of a bell and a stone hitting water. This enabled him to make the connection that sound travels in waves. Samuel Morse invented relay stations for telegraphic signals when observing relay stations for horses.
达芬奇让钟声与石头击水的联系到一起。这使他联想到声音以波的形式传播。Samuel Morse通过观察马驿站为电报信号发明了中继站。

6. Think in opposites.
6. 反相思考。

Physicist Niels Bohr believed, that if you held opposites together, then you suspend your thought, and your mind moves to a new level. His ability to imagine light as both a particle and a wave led to his conception of the principle of complementarity. Suspending thought (logic) may allow your mind to create a new form.
物理学家Niels Bohr相信,如果你反过来思考问题,你会突破原来的想法,从而使你的思维进入一个新的境界。他对光既是粒子又是波的思考促使他形成了互补原则的理论。反向思考能够使你的思维变得更加严密。

7. Think metaphorically.

Aristotle considered metaphor a sign of genius, and believed that the individual who had the capacity to perceive resemblances between two separate areas of existence and link them together was a person of special gifts.
亚里斯多德认为隐喻是天才的一个特征,并且相信如果能从两个独立存在的个体中觉察到共同之处,并能有效链接他们,是一个人特殊天赋的体现。

8. Prepare yourself for chance.
为机会做好准备

Whenever we attempt to do something and fail, we end up doing something else. That is the first principle of creative accident. Failure can be productive only if we do not focus on it as an unproductive result. Instead: analyze the process, its components, and how you can change them, to arrive at other results. Do not ask the question “Why have I failed?”, but rather “What have I done?”
无论什么时候我们尝试做某事,总是以做了其他事情而宣告最终失败。这是创意意外理论的第一原则。只有当我们不认为它是一个没有收益的成果时,失败才会变得有价值。相反,分析这个过程,和它的组成,以及怎么改变他们,以致到达其他的结果。千万不要问这样的问题,“为什么我会失败?“,而是要问”我做了什么?”

  3 Responses to “像天才一样去思考”

  1. 按这样说来 饿是 甜菜了?

    乎哉!

  2. 太假,英文好象用FIRE FOX 显示不完啊。看着很不……

  3. 行啊,哥们~~玩机器翻译啊~!

    “以下得八个策略会让你更有效得去思考”
    第一个”得”应该是的,第二个应为地~
    “而机械得重复”

    “从不同角度看待困难”
    problem是”问题”,不是”困难”
    “对问题的第一反映”
    反应
    “当爱因斯坦思考问题”

    “无论它有多失调或者奇怪”
    失调?
    Form relationships翻译成”通过关系”?
    严重怀疑~~

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