5月 282007


5月 062007

What you are you do not see,what you see is your shadow.

We read the world wrong and say that it deceives us.

——Stray Birds

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4月 302007

Histories make men wise;
poems witty;
the mathematics subtle;
natural philosophy deep;
moral grave;
logic and rhetoric able to contend .

-Francis Bacon , British philosopher.


英国哲学家 F.培根

4月 212007

“Even if you are not a genius, you can use the same strategies as Aristotle and Einstein to harness the power of your creative mind and better manage your future.”

The following eight strategies encourage you to think productively, rather than reproductively, in order to arrive at solutions to problems. “These strategies are common to the thinking styles of creative geniuses in science, art, and industry throughout history.”

1. Look at problems in many different ways, and find new perspectives that no one else has taken (or no one else has publicized!)
1. 从不同角度看待问题,然后找到一个别人从未试过的新的角度(或者未有人公开过的角度)。

Leonardo da Vinci believed that, to gain knowledge about the form of a problem, you begin by learning how to restructure it in many different ways. He felt that the first way he looked at a problem was too biased. Often, the problem itself is reconstructed and becomes a new one.

2. Visualize!
2. 形象化!

When Einstein thought through a problem, he always found it necessary to formulate his subject in as many different ways as possible, including using diagrams. He visualized solutions, and believed that words and numbers as such did not play a significant role in his thinking process.

3. Produce! A distinguishing characteristic of genius is productivity.
3. 创造性!一个天才的典型特征是高效。

Thomas Edison held 1,093 patents. He guaranteed productivity by giving himself and his assistants idea quotas. In a study of 2,036 scientists throughout history, Dean Keith Simonton of the University of California at Davis found that the most respected scientists produced not only great works, but also many “bad” ones. They weren’t afraid to fail, or to produce mediocre in order to arrive at excellence.
托马斯·爱迪生拥有1093项专利。他分配给他和他的助手们思路配额来保证创造性(不知道啥意思)。在一项关于历史上2036位科学家的调查中。加州大学Davis分校D.Keith Simonton发现大多数受人尊敬的科学家不只是伟大的产品,还有不少“失败”的。他们并不害怕失败,或者说平庸是卓越的必经之路。

4. Make novel combinations. Combine, and recombine, ideas, images, and thoughts into different combinations no matter how incongruent or unusual.
4. 尝试新的组合。用不同的方式去组合和重组思想,图象,无论它有多失调或者奇怪。

The laws of heredity on which the modern science of genetics is based came from the Austrian monk Grego Mendel, who combined mathematics and biology to create a new science.
现代科学意义上遗传学规律是基于奥地利僧侣Grego Mendel的研究,他把数学和生物学结合到一起创作了一门新的学科。

5. Form relationships; make connections between dissimilar subjects.
5. 通过关联;联系不同学科。

Da Vinci forced a relationship between the sound of a bell and a stone hitting water. This enabled him to make the connection that sound travels in waves. Samuel Morse invented relay stations for telegraphic signals when observing relay stations for horses.
达芬奇让钟声与石头击水的联系到一起。这使他联想到声音以波的形式传播。Samuel Morse通过观察马驿站为电报信号发明了中继站。

6. Think in opposites.
6. 反相思考。

Physicist Niels Bohr believed, that if you held opposites together, then you suspend your thought, and your mind moves to a new level. His ability to imagine light as both a particle and a wave led to his conception of the principle of complementarity. Suspending thought (logic) may allow your mind to create a new form.
物理学家Niels Bohr相信,如果你反过来思考问题,你会突破原来的想法,从而使你的思维进入一个新的境界。他对光既是粒子又是波的思考促使他形成了互补原则的理论。反向思考能够使你的思维变得更加严密。

7. Think metaphorically.

Aristotle considered metaphor a sign of genius, and believed that the individual who had the capacity to perceive resemblances between two separate areas of existence and link them together was a person of special gifts.

8. Prepare yourself for chance.

Whenever we attempt to do something and fail, we end up doing something else. That is the first principle of creative accident. Failure can be productive only if we do not focus on it as an unproductive result. Instead: analyze the process, its components, and how you can change them, to arrive at other results. Do not ask the question “Why have I failed?”, but rather “What have I done?”

3月 082007
  • 馒头: steamed bread
  • 稀饭: conjee; porridge
  • 泡菜: Kraut; pickle; pickled vegetable
  • 咸菜: pickles
  • 煎饼: battercake
  • 饼: cake; sth. Shaped like a cake
  • 胡椒粉: pepper
  • 辣椒: capsicum; cayenne; pimiento
  • 麦片: cornmeal; oatmeal
  • 豆浆: soya-bean milk; soybean milk
  • 油条: deep-fried twisted dough sticks
  • 米线: rice noodle rice stick
  • 方便面: instant pasta